NEW DELHI: Every rural household in rural India will get tap water supply at three points – kitchen, washing/bathing place and toilet – by 2024 and women will be the centre of this scheme to provide piped water supply to each household from planning, implementation to monitoring.
According to the draft guidelines for ” Har Ghar Jal” scheme issued by the drinking water department, the programme will be driven by panchayats, village water and sanitation committee (VWSC), paani samitis or user groups in villages to ensure that little over 81% rural households get 55 litres per person per day (LPCD) within the deadline. It says the number of households that have not yet got the tap water supply may have gone up and hence all states will have to complete a fresh baseline survey by March, 2020.
Following the Swachh Bharat Mission model, the government will have a centralised dashboard for live update of the coverage. Moreover, considering that community and local people will have to play a key role in managing the water supply system and for maintenance of the infrastructure including the source of water, there is a precondition to take at least 80% households in a village on board for implementation. They will also require to accept their financial contribution for the scheme.
“For proper use of water, reducing water wastage and improving ease of living of women and girls, three taps may be provided, viz at kitchen, washing and bathing area and in the toilet,” the proposed guideline said.
The paani simiti, VWSC or the user group will decide about the user fee for sustainability of the scheme. To ensure women play a bigger role considering that the responsibility of fetching water is usually on them, the policy guideline said 50% of the members of these samitis will have to be women. There will be equal representation of elected panchayat members and representatives from SC/ST community for rest 50% of the members in the committee.
Women have played an important role in the success of Swachh Bharat Mission as they were the worst sufferers in households without toilets.
The government document shows that there will different sub-schemes for implementation of the massive programme. The first will be retrofitting of completed rural water supply schemes to make them Har Ghar Jal compliant. The other two methodologies will be single village scheme (SVS) in villages where adequate groundwater or surface water source is available and multi village scheme where water grids/ regional water supply scheme has to be rolled out.

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